Currency Pairs

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Currency Pairs Trading

Currency pairs measure the value of one currency against another. The first currency in a currency pair is called the base currency, and the second currency is called the quote currency. Displayed price shows how much of the quote currency is required to buy one unit of the base currency.

A widely traded currency pair is Euro against the U.S. dollar also shown as EUR/USD.

When trading with currency pairs, the base currency is always quoted first and represents the currency you are buying.

For example, if you are buying Euro versus US dollar (EUR/USD), you are anticipating a rise in Euro at the expense of US dollar.

Profit and loss are normally expressed as a change in the amount of the secondary currency in a currency pair.

Every currency pair has a BID and an ASK price. This is a rate at which you can sell a currency and a rate at which you can buy a currency. The price maker (usually a broker) gives you a rate at which they are willing to buy or sell a currency pair.

Let's add some numbers to the example:

The EUR/USD is trading at 1.13350/1.13360 (bid/ask). You believe that the pair will be volatile and the Euro will go up against the US dollar, so you buy 1 lot or EUR 100,000 at USD 1.13360.


(1 lof of CFD currency pair = 100,000 base currency units)


After a while, the EUR/USD grows and the new quote is 1.13460/1.13470 (bid/ask). You decide to close your position by selling EUR 100,000 (or 1 lot) at EUR/USD 1.13460.

You bought at 1.13360 and sold at 1.13460.

If we take into account that you have purchased 1 lot (100,000 EUR), you earn USD 100 (bought at USD 113,360 and sold at USD 113,460).
Alternatively, if the market takes the opposite direction, you will incur a loss of USD 100.


Limit Prime Securities offers a wide range of currency pairs, including all the major currency pairs. We offer consistently low spreads on a number of popular currency pairs.


How much money do you need to deposit?

Thanks to leverage, you need to deposit only a fraction of the full trade value, called the initial margin.

For example, the leverage of 1:100 allows you to trade the value of USD 100,000 with a deposited amount of only USD 1,000.

Major pairs

The major pairs group contains instruments instrument with highest volume by rule. Many of these currency pairs consist of US dollar as a base or quote currency, which is the evidence that US dollar is widely used as a unit of value in financial markets.

Minor pairs

In general, minor currency pairs include the currencies of developed countries, except USD.

Exotic pairs

The currencies that are slightly lower in liquidity and less in use in the market but which are in the category of currencies belonging to developing countries, are called exotic currency pairs.

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